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Teeth Whitening Home Remedies

We all once possessed completely white teeth (milk teeth) when we were kids but the whiteness faded away as we aged. This is because of thinning of enamel with age also due to fact that teeth takes up the color of liquids we take like cola, tea, beverages. Everyone wants to have white teeth in order to have confident smile on their faces. As professional techniques are too expensive, here are some of the home remedies which you can use to whiten your teeth. It takes more time than the scaling process,of course,but you will get results if you practice them on regular basis.

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  1. Brush Your Teeth After Each Meal. By brushing your teeth, you get rid of the dirt and food particles which stains your teeth. This helps in teeth whitening, and also prevents staining of the teeth due to dirt and food stains which get stuck especially around the corners of the teeth.his teeth whitening at home method goes a long way in ensuring that your teeth are left off free of dirt. If you cannot brush your teeth just rinse your mouth thoroughly with water.
  2. Toothpaste with active teeth whitening formula. Toothpastes consist of hydrogen peroxide which is a major ingredient in the toothpaste that helps to brighten the teeth. Gradual discoloration can be prevented by brushing your teeth with this toothpaste.
  3. Use a teeth whitening mixture. You can make this mixture at home. Mix two teaspoons of baking soda with three teaspoons of hydrogen peroxide. Consistency of the mixture should make with toothpaste. Apply the mixture on your teeth using tooth brush and leave it for 5 minutes. Then wash of the mixture using teeth whitening toothpaste or rinse your moth with plain water. Do this once a week to have better results. Avoid swallowing the mixture; if you do swallow accidently, drink plenty of water.
  4. Mix lemon juice with little salt to make a mixture. Apply it on your brush and then brush your teeth with it. Then rinse your mouth with water. You can also use lemon mixture with baking soda ans brush your teeth with this mixture.
  5. Chewing gum also helps in cleaning your teeth. When you chew gum, your mouth secretes saliva which helps to dissolve the particles that were remaining in your mouth. The saliva that secretes from the mouth can help mix up with the dirt in other to clear them away.
  6. Foods that are high in cellulose–a strong starchlike compound found in celery, carrots, and apples–act as natural abrasives, cleansing teeth and removing surface stains naturally,”
  7. Quit smoking and use of tobacco in any form.
  8. Tea and colas are the major cause of tooth stain ,so always rinse your mouth after taking these beverages.

If you are seeking professional advice and treatment, you can head over to www.thedentalclinic.com for more clinical information about teeth whitening.

Cystic Fibrosis Genes

Cystic Fibrosis Facts

What is Cystic Fibrosis?

  • Cystic Fibrosis (CF) is one of the  most common life-threatening inherited diseases.
  • It is caused by a defective gene that controls the movement of salt and water in and out of the cells within the body.
  • Cystic Fibrosis affects the internal organs, especially the lungs and digestive system, by blocking them with thick sticky mucus. This makes it hard to breathe and digest food.
  • Cystic fibrosis (CF) is a genetic disorder that particularly affects the lungs and digestive system and makes kids who have it more susceptible to recurring lung infections.
  • Due to high-tech medical advances in drug therapy and genetics, children born with CF can live longer and more comfortable lives. In the last 10 years, research into all aspects of Cystic Fibrosis has helped doctors to understand the illness better and to develop new therapies. Ongoing research may lead to a cure in near future.
  • The inherited CF gene directs the body’s epithelial cells to produce a defective form of a protein called CFTR (or cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator) found in cells that form the lining of the lungs, digestive tract, sweat glands, and genitourinary system. When the CFTR protein is defective, epithelial cells can’t regulate the way chloride to pass across cell membranes. This disrupts the essential balance of salt and water needed to maintain a normal thin coating of fluid and mucus inside the lungs, pancreas, and passageways in other organs. The mucus becomes thick, sticky, and hard to move.
  • Normally, mucus in the lungs traps germs, which are then cleared out of the lungs. But in CF, the thick, sticky mucus and the germs it has trapped remain in the lungs, which become infected.
  • In the pancreas, thick mucus blocks the pathways that would normally carry important enzymes to the intestines to digest foods. When this happens, the body can’t process or absorb nutrients properly, especially fats. Kids with CF have problems gaining weight, even with a normal diet and a good appetite.
  • For a baby to be born with Cystic Fibrosis, both parents must be carriers of the defective CF gene. The diagram shows how CF is inherited. Where both parents carry the faulty gene, each child has a one in four chance of having CF, a two in four chance of being a carrier and a one in four chance of not having any CF genes.

    Cystic Fibrosis Genes

  • Cystic Fibrosis affects more than 30,000 kids and young adults in the United States.
  • Each week, five babies are born with Cystic Fibrosis.
  • Each week, two young lives are lost to Cystic Fibrosis.
  • Presently half of the CF population will live past 41 years of age, and improvements in treatments mean a baby born today is expected to live even longer.

If you are interested in home care advice, consider www.carehomestoday.co.uk for expert advice on nursing homes.

Low Blood Pressure Treatment

How Low Blood Pressure is Treated?

Note: If you have naturally low blood pressure, it does not usually require any treatment.

But if your low blood pressure is causing symptoms, your doctor will try to establish the underlying cause and treat it accordingly.

Medications

If your GP suspects that your medication is causing low blood pressure, they may change it or alter your dose. Your blood pressure should be monitored while you’re taking medication and any changes noted. Tell your GP if you are experiencing side effects from taking medication.

Underlying illnesses or conditions

If your doctor suspects that your low blood pressure is being caused by a any disease, you may be referred to hospital for further tests and treatment.

  • Dehydration is treated with fluids and minerals (electrolytes). Mild dehydration without nausea and vomiting can be treated with oral fluids and electrolytes. Moderate to severe dehydration usually is treated in the hospital with intravenous fluids and electrolytes.
  • Septic shock is an emergency and is treated with intravenous fluids and antibiotics.
  • Blood loss can be treated with intravenous fluids and blood transfusions. Severe bleeding needs to be treated immediately.
  • Bradycardia may be due to a medication. The doctor may reduce, change or stop the medication. Bradycardia due to sick sinus syndrome or heart block is treated with an implantable pacemaker.
  • Tachycardia Atrial fibrillation can be treated with oral medications, electrical cardioversion, or a catheterization procedure called pulmonary vein isolation. Ventricular tachycardia can be controlled with medications or with an implantable defibrillator.
  • Blood pressure medications or diuretics are adjusted, changed, or stopped by the doctor if they are causing low blood pressure symptoms.
  •  Pulmonary embolism and deep vein thrombosis is treated with blood thinners, intravenous initially with heparin, and oral warfarin (Coumadin) later.
  • Pericardial fluid can be removed by a procedure called pericardiocentesis.
  • Postprandial hypotension is treated by Ibuprofen (Motrin) or indomethacin .
  • Vasovagal Syncope can be treatedwith several types of drugs such as beta blockers [for example, propanolol (Inderal, Inderal LA)], selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors [fluoxetine (Prozac), escitalopram oxalate (Lexapro), paroxetine (Paxil), sertraline (Zoloft), citalopram (Celexa), fluvoxamine (Luvox)], fludrocortisone (Florinef) (a drug that prevents dehydration by causing the kidney(s) to retaining water). A pacemaker can also be helpful when drug therapy fails.

General advice for Postural Hypotension:

The advice below will help to reduce  your symptoms of hypotension, particularly postural or orthostatic hypotension (where blood pressure falls after a sudden movement).

  • Stand up gradually:particularly first thing in the morning. It may also be useful to try some other physical movements first to increase your heart rate and the flow of blood around your body. For example, stretching in bed before you get up or crossing and uncrossing your legs if you are seated and about to stand.
  • Raise the head of your bed or use extra pillows under your head: this will increase the flow of blood in your body and will also make it easier when you need to get up.
  • Avoid caffeine at night, and limit your alcohol intake: this will help you to avoid becoming dehydrated, which can also cause low blood pressure.
  • Wear support stockings: sometimes called compression stockings, these are tight-fitting elastic socks or tights. They provide extra pressure to your feet, legs, and abdomen, which will help stimulate your circulation and increase your blood pressure.
  • Eat small, frequent meals rather than large ones: this will help you to prevent postprandial hypotension (low blood pressure after eating). Lying down after eating or sitting still for a while may also help.

Prognosis:

Low blood pressure can usually be treated with success.

Complications

  • Shock
  • Injury from falls due to fainting

Falls are particularly dangerous for older adults. Fall-related injuries, such as a broken hip, can dramatically impact a person’s quality of life.

Severe hypotension starves your body of oxygen, which can damage the heart, brain, and other organs. This type of hypotension can be life threatening if not immediately treated.

Calling your health care provider

When you have symptoms from a drop in blood pressure, you should immediately sit or lie down and raise your feet above heart level.

If low blood pressure causes a person to become unconscious, seek immediate medical treatment or call the local emergency number (such as 911). If the person is not breathing or has no pulse, begin Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation(CPR).

Call your doctor immediately if you have any of the following symptoms:

  • Chest pain
  • Dizziness, lightheadedness
  • Fainting
  • Fever higher than 101 degrees Fahrenheit
  • Irregular heartbeat
  • Shortness of breath
  • Inability to eat or drink
  • Prolonged diarrhea or vomiting.
  • Burning with urination or other urinary symptoms.
  • Cough with phlegm

How to Prevent Low Blood Pressure?

If you have low blood pressure, your doctor may recommend certain steps to prevent or reduce your symptoms. This may include:

  • Avoiding alcohol
  • Avoiding standing for a long time (if you have NMH)
  • Drinking plenty of fluids
  • Getting up slowly after sitting or lying down
  • Using compression stockings to increase blood pressure in the legs

Stomach Virus Treatment

What is Gastroenteritis, Stomach Virus or Stomach Flu?

Gastroenteritis is frequently termed “stomach flu”, “stomach virus” or “gastric flu” because the most frequent cause of stomach virus is viral. Gastroenteritis is inflammation of the gastrointestinal tract which involves the stomach, intestines, or both which results in diarrhea, abdominal cramps, nausea and vomiting, we will discuss on stomach virus treatment in detail in this post.

 

stomach flu treatment

Stomach Virus

What are the causes of stomach virus?

The most frequent causes are viral and bacterial. Other causes are parasites, toxins, food allergies, and medications. The two major causes of deaths are caused by C. difficile, and Norovirus,, this tends to be major hurdle in treating stomach virus.

Viruses

  • Norovirus: causes about 50% to 70% of all gastroenteritis in adults, the most common cause of stomach virus in the US, and second most common cause of death due to gastroenteritis.
  • Rotavirus: common cause of diarrhea in infants, occasionally producing dehydration
  • Astrovirus: common cause of diarrhea in infants
  • Sapovirus: common cause of mild stomach virus in children
  • Adenovirus: usually causes respiratory infection, but some strains cause gastroenteritis.

Bacteria

  • Clostridium difficile: bacterial overgrowth and toxin production due to antibiotic suppression of normal flora of intestine. This organism causes the highest number of deaths due to stomach virus, mainly in the elderly.
  • Staphylococcus: – a frequent cause of diarrhea and abdominal cramps; disease – Staphylococcus food poisoning
  • Escherichia coli: food poisoning; diseases – E. coli infections, especially strain 0157:H7 that may cause HUS (hhemolytic-uremic syndrome) or TTP (thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura)
  • Salmonella and Shigella: food poisoning; disease – salmonellosis
  • Campylobacter and Listeria: contaminated dairy foods
  • Vibrio: contaminated drinking water and seafood
  • Bacillus: contaminated rice
  • Aeromonas and Plesiomonas: seafood contamination
  • Yersenia: pork meat contamination
  • oysters and seafood

Parasites

  • Giardia
  • Cryptosporidium
  • Entamoeba

Other causes of stomach virus

  • Food allergies from eggs, nuts, milk, and shellfish etc.
  • Antibiotics: many antibiotics allow bacterial/fungal overgrowth (see Clostridium difficile previously mentioned)
  • Medications: side effects of many medications are diarrhea
  • Heavy metal toxins. (aluminum, cadmium, arsenic, lead, and mercury)

What are the Symptoms of Stomach Virus?

The symptoms of stomach virus are:

  • diarrhea,
  • nausea,
  • abdominal cramps, and
  • vomiting.
  • Mild fever of about 100 F (37.7 C).

Most symptoms will resolve in about 2 to 5 days after stomach virus treatment. Gastroenteritis may cause dehydration during this short time period, mainly in children or elderly patients.

pain abdomen in stomach flu

Abdomen pain in stomach flu | Stomach Virus

People with symptoms of diarrhea, bloody diarrhea, nausea, or vomiting that last longer than 5 days, and often may have other symptoms of fever (greater than 101 F, 38.3 C), malaise, dehydration, sepsis, or additional symptoms will not be considered to have gastroenteritis. However, these symptoms are non-specific and are more frequently are associated as part of a spectrum of symptoms that occur with a specific disease that needs medical care, often quickly, these symptoms are considered as part of those that may occur with a number of specific diseases.

How does Food get Infected by Stomach Viruses?

Food is easily contaminated by people who prepare or handle food, and have viral gastroenteritis. Stomach virus treatment gives no positive results if failure to adequately wash hands or to clean off foods (for example, vegetables and fruits) that may be contaminated with sewage or untreated water, allow viral contamination that causes stomach virus.

Is Gastroenteritis Contagious?

The majority of causes of stomach virus are contagious (viral, bacterial, and parasitic). gastroenteritis is not contagious in case of food allergies, toxins.

 Which Persons are at risk of Gastroenteritis (stomach virus)?

The major risk of gastroenteritis is due to poor hygiene of people with the disease (for example, infants, children, or some food handlers). Some people have higher risk for infection; for example, individuals on cruise ships or those who live or work in crowded conditions like child care centers, dorms, or barracks.

Infants, children and some adults (elderly, immunocompromised) are at risk of developing dehydration with stomach virus because they may lose fluids more rapidly than normal adults. Patients who are treated with antibiotics have their normal bacterial flora suppressed; this can allow for other pathogens, especially C. difficile, to multiply and cause infection. Women who are pregnant are not at any greater risk if they stay well hydrated; if they do not, then there is great risk of complications such as kidney failure, electrolyte abnormalities, shock and fetal death.

What are the Alarming Symptoms of Gastroenteritis (stomach virus)?

As discussed above, stomach virus usually runs a limited course and resolves on its own without medical treatment, and most people will not need to contact a doctor. However, if a person begins to show signs of dehydration and he/she is unable to adequately rehydrate orally at home, medical care should be seeked immediately . Signs and symptoms of dehydration may include:

  • decreased or no urine production,
  • dry mucus membranes,
  • dry mouth or skin,
  • inability to produce tears,
  • weakness,
  • lightheadedness, and
  • low blood pressure.

If stomach virus symptoms last for more than about 5 days, or there is an increase in the severity (fever of 101 F or higher, bloody diarrhea, dehydration, constant abdominal pain) or the development of other symptoms, the patient should go for stomach virus treatment and seek immediate medical care.

How is Gastroenteritis (stomach virus) Diagnosed?

Stomach Virus is most often presumptively diagnosed simply by the symptoms. There are no specific tests for stomach virus therefore stomach virus treatment can be started after diagnosis of it. However, during outbreaks, viral and bacterial cultures or PCR and other immunologically-based tests can identify the causative pathogen. However, by the time this identification occurs, most of the patients have begun to recover. When gastroenteritis symptoms become severe, most public health officials and clinicians run such tests to identify the causative agent based on the patient’s history, physical exam, and symptoms.

Stomach Virus Treatment – What is the Treatment for Gastroenteritis?

There is no medicine that will kill stomach flu viruses (antibiotics are not effective against viral infections), this leads to a certain level of difficulty when tackling with stomach virus treatment. Therefore, stomach flu treatment is focused on providing supportive care while the body fights the stomach flu. Supportive care involves treating symptoms, such as dehydration, that can occur as a result of the stomach flu. Fortunately, for people with healthy immune systems, the body is able to effectively kill stomach flu viruses, and after 1 to 10 days (depending on the virus), stomach flu symptoms generally improve.

Rehydration:

Your body needs fluids to function. Dehydration is the loss of fluids from the body, an important factor for treating stomach virus. Important salts or minerals, known as electrolytes, can also be lost with the fluids. Dehydration is caused by diarrhea, vomiting and unable to take enough fluids because of nausea or loss of appetite. The symptoms of dehydration are excessive thirst, dry mouth, little or no urine (or dark-yellow urine), severe weakness, Dizziness or lightheadedness.

The dehydration is corrected by giving special fluids by mouth (called oral rehydration therapy) and it is the most effective stomach flu treatment for preventing dehydration. Sports drinks do not replace the nutrients and minerals lost during this illness. Special fluids used for oral rehydration can be found in most pharmacies or grocery stores and can be purchased without a prescription. DO NOT GIVE FRUIT JUICES AND MILK.

Children with stomach flu need special care for stomach virus treatment and cure. Because of their smaller body size, infants and children are at greater risk of dehydration from diarrhea and vomiting. Oral rehydration solutions such as Pedialyte® can replace lost fluids, minerals, and salts.

pedialyte

pedialyte

Parents of children with severe diarrhea should start oral rehydration and take their child for medical assessment. In severe cases requiring a visit to the emergency room or hospitalization, stomach flu treatment may involve replacing body fluids directly through the veins using an intravenous (IV) line.
If the affected child is breastfed, mother should continue breastfeeding. If the affected individual has severe dehydration or persistent vomiting which does not allow oral intake of fluids, then the person should be hospitalized and intravenous fluids should be administered to correct dehydration.

Medications like loperamide which act on the intestine to stop diarrhea should not be used in cases of diarrhea due to any infection. This type of medications is usually given for diarrhea which is not due to infection.

Anti Diarrheal Medications:

Medications may be prescribed to reduce the symptoms of gastroenteritis, for example, promethazine (Phenergan), prochlorperazine (Compazine) or ondansetron (Zofran) may be prescribed to reduce vomiting thus making stomach virus treatment possible. Some physicians suggest using these only as a suppository (or IV) since patients frequently just vomit the pills up. Others may prescribe diphenoxylate and atropine (Lomotil) or loperamide (Imodium) to slow diarrhea. Many clinicians simply suggest no treatment for stomach virus symptoms as all of the drugs have side effects, and the clinicians figure that if the patient stays well hydrated, the symptoms will soon stop nonetheless.

Once the stomach virus symptoms subside, especially vomiting, clinicians recommend a BRAT diet (bananas, rice, apples and toast) for a day or two before beginning a regular diet.

Individuals that have more serious symptoms, or other symptoms in addition to gastroenteritis need to be evaluated, diagnosed, and treated by a physician because the patient will likely have a specific disease that will need treatment. The treatment will depend on the cause of the illness, (for example, salmonellosis or Clostridium difficile). Administration of antibiotics and other treatments may be contraindicated for some of these diseases, so an accurate diagnosis is important. For example, in case of Clostridium difficile, antibiotic sensitivity testing is needed to determine the most effective antibiotics to use since many strains are resistant to these drugs.

Other Measures for Stomach Virus Treatment

Besides avoiding dehydration, other stomach flu treatment suggestions that may help relieve symptoms associated with the illness include the following:

 

  • Allow your digestive tract to settle by not eating for a few hours
  • Sip small amounts of clear liquids or suck on ice chips if vomiting is still a problem
  • Gradually reintroduce food, starting with bland, easy-to-digest food, like toast, broth, apples, bananas, and rice
  • Avoid dairy products, caffeine, and alcohol until recovery is complete
  • Get plenty of rest.

 

What are the Complications of Stomach Virus – Gastroenteritis?

Most people with stomach virus do not develop any complications, and make a complete recovery. The major complication for some people is dehydration, especially infants, children, the elderly, and immunodepressed are at higher risk. In many third world countries, rehydration of infants is difficult at best and environment makes stomach virus treatment even worse. Consequently, there are many infant deaths worldwide due to dehydration caused by gastroenteritis. In addition to dehydration, individuals infected with Clostridium difficile may develop pseudomembranous colitis; people aged 65 and older with this bacterial infection have a higher mortality rate from gastroenteritis.

How can Stomach Virus Prevention – Gastroenteritis prevention?

There are several general steps people can take to prevent or reduce the chance of getting gastroenteritis from almost any cause. These are as follows:

  • Hand washing, especially before eating and after any close contact with an infected person, or items (clothing, bedding, toys)
  • Launder daily items worn by infected individuals
  • Avoid direct contact with infected individuals as much as possible
  • Do not eat undercooked foods, especially meats like hamburger
  • Do not eat or drink raw foods or untreated water
  • Do not drink any untreated or unpasteurized fluids, especially milk
  • Thoroughly wash any produce before eating
  • While traveling, avoid all raw foods and ice; drink only from sealed bottled products and use bottled water for tooth brushing

    Handwashing prevents stomach flu

    Handwashing prevents stomach virus

These methods can reduce the chance of contracting stomach virus from most of the known causes, but no method offers complete protection.

One major viral pathogen, rotavirus, has a vaccine against it that has markedly reduced the incidence of rotavirus in the US pediatric population. Unfortunately, vaccines for other viral causes are not currently available. The only vaccine used against bacterial causes is Vibrio cholerae vaccine, but it is not readily available.

Dengue Fever Symptoms and Treatment

Dengue is a self-limited, systemic viral infection transmitted between humans by mosquitoes. The rapidly expanding dengue is a public health challenge with an economic burden that is currently unmet by licensed vaccines, specific therapeutic agents and efficient vector-control strategies.

Clinical Manifestations of Dengue fever:

After an incubation period of 3 to 7 days, the initial febrile phase is typically characterized by high fever associated with headache, vomiting, myalgias (body aches), and joint pain, sometimes with a transient macular rash. Children have high fever but are usually less symptomatic than adults during this phase of the illness. Other symptoms include mild hemorrhagic manifestations such as petechiae and bruising, particularly at venipuncture sites. Liver is palpable most of the times. This phase lasts for 3 to 7 days, after which most patients recover without complications. Continue reading